The roadmap, ReMaP 2030, designed by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), gives a crucial role for biomass technologies in the target of doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
A new report, “the world’s supply by bioenergy and demand projections for the year 2030,” examines the potential of biomass in different parts of the world and the various existing technologies for rapid and sustainable intensification of this renewable energy resource.
If all technological options considered in the analysis are deployed, the application of the total biomass could reach 108 EJ (or 30,000,000 GWh) worldwide by 2030, representing 60% of total consumption World renewable energy. That would be equal to 20% of total primary energy supply.
“Bioenergy has the potential to play a key role in the global energy mix,” said Dolf Gielen, director of IRENA Innovation and Technology. “Biomass from sustainable sources such as waste, combined with more efficient technologies and processes can multiply the production of energy from biomass, from traditional to modern and sustainable forms simultaneously reducing air pollution and save lives. ”
The new report IRENA shows that nearly 40% of world total potential biomass supply would come from agricultural residues and wastes, with another 30% from sustainable forest products.
This biomass category does not compete with the resources needed for food production such as land and water, and can make a significant contribution to the overall reduction of CO2 emissions on the path to 450 ppm, a widely accepted threshold limit by 2100, the rise in global temperature to 2 ° C above pre-industrial levels.
The lighting of the roadmap ReMaP 2030 “published in June by IRENA shows that bring renewable energy to 36% of the global energy mix by 2030 is possible and affordable while maintaining the world on a path consistent with CO2 level of 450 ppm.