Air Liquide announced they signed a collaboration agreement with the Office of Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies in France (CEA), which aims to develop a pilot plant in France for the production of second generation biofuels.
As part of this partnership, the CEA will develop at the site of Bure (Meuse) – Saudron (Haute-Marne) and the center of the CEA-Grenoble, a chain of processes for grinding, pressurize, dosing and conveying solid biomass (including wood) to inject it into a burner, aiming to minimize the energy expenditure of this pretreatment.
For its part, Air Liquide will develop a new combustion technology that uses a burner fueled with oxygen instead of air. This combustion with oxygen under pressure and high temperature, will directly convert solid biomass into syngas. The synthesis gas resulting from this process can then be processed to produce the final fuel synthesis of high purity and high quality energy.
All R&D related to oxygen combustion and pressure will be made in the research centers of Air Liquide in Paris Saclay (France), Frankfurt (Germany) and Newark (USA, Delaware) and in collaboration with international research institutes.
This work should help to emerge eventually, a new industry to develop this biomass to produce second generation biofuels.
“We welcome this research collaboration with CEA, as Air Liquide participates in concrete projects to develop cleaner energies.The Second-generation biofuels or hydrogen- energy will reduce CO2 emissions in the coming years. Innovation is at the heart of Air Liquide’s strategy,” said François Darchis, Director of Air Liquide Company.
The second-generation biofuels should in no way have an impact on food needs. Indeed, their production requires only residues from agricultural or forestry production. These biofuels are characterized by their high purity and absence of sulfur, offer excellent carburetion engines and also generate fewer emissions of greenhouse gases to use than traditional fuels.
In its policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions greenhouse area, the European Union has set a target share of renewable energy used in the community space by 2020 to 20%.