biofuelThe European Council of Energy Ministers meeting on December 12 did not reach political agreement on the proposal of the Lithuanian Presidency revised guidelines renewable energy and fuel quality.

This failure refers to any decisions made on the 1st generation biofuels at the end of 2014 at the earliest, with a bonus of a new European Parliament.

According to the French bioethanol industry, recent studies confirm the performance of biofuels on the environment and food and therefore invalidate previous studies on CASI ** on which the Commission relied to establish its initial proposal and reductive October 2012.

The bioethanol industry also notes that a vast majority of Member States (20 of 28) supported that the 1st generation biofuels can contribute up to at least 7% to 10% target for energy renewable energy in transport by 2020 – and recognizing their critical role – instead of 5% for the Commission and 6% for the European Parliament. He had also passed a 7.5% target for renewable energy in gasoline.

The bioethanol industry urges the EU institutions to better take into account the results of new research that challenges considerably due evaluating indirect changes in land use and real commitment, including beyond 2020 in the development of biofuels actually available, to protect jobs and growth.

In France, specifically, the goal of incorporation of 7% for the first generation biofuels is confirmed. For the bioethanol industry, achieving this goal means that it is more than ever necessary to generalize the distribution of SP95-E10 in all service stations and continue to significantly increase the number of stations offering the -E85 bioethanol.

Arguments in favor of biofuels

“The indirect effects of biofuels are more uncertain than ever”

Many major studies on the indirect effects of biofuels production and constructed mathematical models are being challenged by the scientific community or the authors themselves. Main source of error: insufficient integration of the reality of higher yields overestimates indirect effects

– The baseline of the Commission while the IFPRI study considers that the production of biomass for biofuels is essentially an extension of cultivated areas, several studies indicate that the actual increase in yields is very sufficiently taken into account, which tends to calculate effects 5 times too high.

The author himself, by way of a press release last July, has pointed out the strong uncertainty on CASI values.

– Another study from the University of Illinois also focuses on not taking into account the actual yields of crops used for biofuels and asserts an impact of about 95% difference!

“Food or: a false debate”

About competition with food, according to the FAO, food production in 2010 in fact allowed to feed 12 billion human beings and can still improve. The evils are famines and malnutrition are undoubtedly the result of access and not supply problems.

In May 2013, a report from the World Bank shows that the impact of biofuels on food prices has been greatly exaggerated in the past, and that energy prices and changes in exchange rates are responsible for 2/3 of the price changes.

Finally, Ecofys, the referring agency board in renewables, which use many industries and NGOs, has recently demonstrated the contribution of biofuels to price stability and food security, and underlines against most correlated food prices and oil prices.

“Land grabbing for biofuels: a myth!”

In June 2013, the revision of the Land Matrix database on land acquisitions has reduced by 60% the areas implicated in the “land grabbing” (land grabbing) which would use large farms in the poorest countries produce biofuels consumed in the EU.

A comprehensive study on the reality on the ground shows that 98% of the originally announced as surfaces for biofuels do not produce now! For ethanol, it is the production of sugar cane for food, with use of accessory co for the manufacture of alcohol, mostly for the local market.

“The beneficiaries of large government subsidies chains? A review …”

In April 2013, the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), which published the study ‘Biofuels: At What Cost’ recently revised sharply downward its assessment of 10 billion euros in subsidies in 2011, inadvertently included in the preamble to the European Parliament, and demand that “the excuse for the disturbance.” In France, the report of the Court of Accounts in January 2012 confirms that biofuels bring money to the state since 2011. In 2012, the ethanol industry has generated more than million of net revenue 250 for the state budget!

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