The United Kingdom has a huge potential in marine energy and is considered the most attractive destination for developing this type of project in Europe, said a report on the energy released by GlobalData experts.
This shows that the marine energy industry is in its emerging stage. The UK remains one of the European countries where R & D resources are much needed to continue the development of these technologies.
The energy of the ocean may play a role in the UK’s ambition to achieve its goal of reducing carbon emissions – around 80% – in 2050. The British Government has indeed set the course of 2,000 megawatts (MW) installed capacity marine, 2020.
The Department of Energy and Climate Change estimates that the country has a potential wave energy of approximately 50 terawatt hours (TWh) per year and a potential tidal energy about 17 TWh per year This represents half of marine energy resources in Europe. In this respect, the United Kingdom has become a region essential for research and marine energy companies. It is also the second largest region in the world by the amplitude of tides, as evidenced by the Severn Estuary.
The country is testing a large number of technologies waves and tides with the support of the European Centre for marine energy, which has 14 beds large-scale trials in the area of Orkney Islands – an archipelago located in the north of the Scotland.
In the race for innovation in marine technology, the United Kingdom is leading the way, offering the largest number of projects in terms of assets demonstrators.
The British program “marine energy”, created in 2011, focuses on increasing the ability of research, development and deployment of devices and tidal waves. The Scottish Government also plays a major role in the development of this industry in the UK by introducing a number of programs to exploit marine energy in areas with strong tides.
To promote and develop its renewable energy policy to reduce CO2 emissions, the United Kingdom introduced the “Renewables Obligation Order,” requiring electricity suppliers that deliver a quota of energy from renewable sources renewable.
Electricity suppliers and emit the “Renewable Obligation Certificates” (ROCs) for each megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity produced from renewable energy sources. Thus, the electricity generated from waves, tidal currents, and dams: 2 ROC per MWh.