The latest report of the Economic Commission for Latin America (CEPAL) in relation to the electricity subsector indicates that the power generated in Central America through the wind grew 120% between 2009 and 2010.
According to the Foundation Director of Energy Network (BUN-CA), José Maria Blanco, the increase of renewable sources in electricity generation market Isthmus responds, inter alia, to the arrival of new private investors who see a better investment climate and incentives for this type of renewable energy source, the American electrical industry.
The CEPAL report states that this increase resulted in an increase of 237.2 GWh of electricity in the regional market, particularly through the development of facilities with state of the art facilities in Costa Rica and Nicaragua.
“The strong momentum for wind power in Central America is very encouraging because it demonstrates once again the great potential of Central America to produce electricity from clean energy, reversing the reliance on fossil fuels and help mitigate global warming,” said the Director of BUN-CA.
In the case of Costa Rica in September 2009 were carried out wind developments in the province of Guanacaste where they installed 27 MW. Later in the same region of Costa Rica, but in December, began to operate 55 wind turbines of 900 kW each, for an installed capacity of 49.5 megawatts.
Meanwhile, in Nicaragua in March 2009 reported the second experience of the region with wind, with the coming into operation Amayo wind farm, 40 MW of installed capacity. The project is located in the Department of Rivas and has 19 wind turbines.
The registration of the CEPAL indicates that in 2009 in Central electricity was generated from the following sources: hydro (47.5%), petroleum (37.3%), geothermal (7.9%) bagasse in the sugar (4.4%), coal (1.8%) and wind (1.1%).
“This means that 60.9% of the electricity fed into networks of high and medium voltage public service corresponds to the contribution of renewable energy. For countries, this type of generation reported the following participation: Costa Rica (95.1%), Panama (57.3%), El Salvador (57.1%), Guatemala (53.2%), Honduras (45, 7%), and Nicaragua (26.5%),” says CEPAL.
The Commission notes that in 2009 the production of electricity in the six Central American countries amounted to 39,114.7 GWh, a figure 0.1% lower than in 2008. This reduction is “the result of a decrease in electricity consumption resulting from the contraction and economic slowdown experienced in most of the countries concerned.”