A new European research has found that a wind farm located in the North Sea provides a new habitat for organisms of the seabed and has little effect on the fauna of their environment. The wind farm, which provides wind power to 100,000 households, contributes significantly to the biodiversity of the area with organisms such as mussels, anemones and crustaceans. In addition, researchers caution, after this research, the impact of a wind farm depends on its location and the sea depth at which it is installed.
Dutch researchers analyzed the short-term ecological effects of wind turbine wind farm built near Egmond aan Zee Windpark (OWEZ), the first offshore wind farm built large offshore Dutch North Sea that can generate power for up to 100,000 homes, and found that the presence of the same provides a new habitat for organisms on the seafloor.
This wind farm in the North Sea seems to abstract from the trend so far maintained a wind farm that causes a harmful effect induced by incision of the piles of wind turbines on the seabed. The team found that new species have been established and have grown animal communities in the piles of turbines and rocks stacked around the columns.
After comparing these results with previous ones, Dutch researchers warn that the impact of a wind farm depends on its location and the sea depth at which it is installed. The location of the OWEZ wind farm is positive due to the relatively low number of birds that pass through the area at this distance from the coast. In addition, the team concluded that, among other measures, wind farms should be located in special areas to avoid disturbing the birds. Following the EU guidelines issued for wind energy infrastructure friendly to biodiversity, thus these constructs can also generate energy and biodiversity.