According to the Renewable Energy Study for ‘Electricity Generation in Latin America: Market, Technology and Prospects’, Mexico ranks behind Brazil and Argentina in the field. The economic crisis and high idle of your electrical system led Mexico to expand its reserve margin and delay the development of infrastructure for renewable energy use, notes a study released recently.
According to the Renewable Energy Study for ‘Electricity Generation in Latin America: Market, Technology and Prospects’, written by Gilberto Jannuzzi, a specialist at the University of Cambridge, Mexico ranks behind Brazil and Argentina in the field.
Today, he says, the arrangements for electricity production from renewable sources as a result – except for large hydro-represent between 2.5 and 5% of installed capacity in the countries studied: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Mexico , Venezuela and Central America as a subregion.
The report Overview of Mexico Wind Energy 2011, prepared by the Mexican Wind Energy Association, the wind resource potential in the country reached 40,000 MW, of which 10,000 come from only the state of Oaxaca (south of the isthmus) . In late 2010, the country had an installed capacity of 519 MW and another 665 MW project.
In a five-mile radius of this state of Oaxaca, four wind farms, including the largest in Latin America, added at the end of year 557 MW. With an average of 4,000 hours of wind per year, and taking into account that in Spain the company’s parks enjoy some 2,500 MW, the price of electricity is almost half, as it is not the intensity but constant air flow from the ocean lowers the costs. Eurus, the first wind farm, has been in operation for a year and a half, with an installed capacity of 250.5 MW supplies about 25 percent of the energy required by Cemex.
In the case of Mexico, he noted, the capacity development of renewable energy generation was traditionally based on large hydro, although growth in power capacity over the past 20 years was based on combined cycle plants, which fueled fossils. Currently stands, there was a clear interest in promoting renewable energy generation, particularly wind.
However, the projections of biomass use is still limited at about 100 megawatts, if they could be more. The estimated installed capacity for public service stations that operate on renewable energy would be mainly composed of small hydro, wind farms and geothermal plants.
The study sponsored by the International Energy Initiative (IEI) emphasizes that the slow progress in introducing renewable energy has slowed Mexico’s efforts to reduce its emissions. Hydrocarbons, details, account for nearly three quarters of primary energy supply. In both wind farms and geothermal plants account for 3.1%.
The remainder is hydroelectric and nuclear power plant in Laguna Verde.
The Mexican government estimates indicate that electricity generation would have to grow at a rate of 4.1% annually to meet demand. Januzzi considered to achieve this growth rate will not be possible due to non-renewable sources of energy.
He stressed that Mexico along with Brazil, Argentina and Chile is one of the countries of the region with the most potential for generating renewable energy. To use it, he said, requires more incentives put in play. “There are several legislative and regulatory initiatives, but not enough to create financial incentives and other market mechanisms to increase the use of renewable energy,” he said.
In Brazil, noted, projects production of energy from renewable sources has been facilitated by the possibility offered to companies to integrate directly into the grid without having to meet a requirement of self-sufficiency. “Brazil is ahead of regulations to promote renewable energy. Represents 71% of the full potential of the region and Mexico only 9%,” Jannuzzi said during his webcast conference from Brussels.