While it is expected that the capacity of wind power generation in Mexico doubled in 2011 compared to last year, it still faces difficulties in funding and infrastructure that allows its use throughout the country, said the Mexican Wind Energy Association (AMDEE).
At the end of 2010 Mexico produced about 510 MW of electricity from wind power and is expected to reach 1,000 MW in 2011, representing about 2% of total generation capacity of the country. It is also estimated that by 2014 will generate about 2,600 MW to achieve a ratio of 5%.
The president of the AMDEE, Leopoldo Rodriguez highlighted the potential for further development of the wind industry by having regions important for their generation. However, he also mentioned that there are certain obstacles to better performance, such as having greater legal certainty for the development of this technology in the country.
On the one hand, said that although it is generally considered a potential wind energy generation of 15,000 to 20,000 MW, there are many conflicting figures and studies about it. So working on a joint study that offers a number and allow clearer definition of long-term objectives for the industry.
This is required to achieve the promotion of private investment in these projects, which give certainty to companies involved in the sector. In this regard, he mentioned that works to promote the manufacture of turbines in the country, “when we do, because there is a certainty at 10 or 15 years of industry development.”
Today it has developed in Mexico has been through foreign manufacture, so that Rodriguez give greater certainty necessary to attract the capital needed to boost the domestic wind industry.
In Mexico there are three major groups that make up the sector, including project developers to conduct studies and obtain financing, as well as equipment manufacturers and service providers.
The manager also felt that working on regulatory issues and infrastructure, from reaching the true potential of certain regions in the country. Although there is no significant progress yet, there has been a joint effort between private initiative and the Commission Federal de Electricidad (CFE) in the development of new power lines.
He explained that in the case of Oaxaca and other regions with high potential there is weakness or absence of electrical transmission networks, capable of transmitting the energy generated there to other entities in the country.
On the other hand, the current scheme to sell electricity to the CFE presents certain difficulties, and not offered a price sufficiently competitive and attractive to developers. So far there are self-supply schemes, as an independent producer and a third of small producers for projects up to 20 MW, he said.
The Isthmus of Tehuantepec is positioned as one of the most important regions for wind energy development. It also has a small project in Mexicali and plans for building in Chiapas, Jalisco, Veracruz, Zacatecas, Nuevo Leon, Baja California, San Luis Potosi and Tamaulipas.
Thus, given the potential and importance of wind power in the country, the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) will meet for the first time on Mexico Wind Power, to be known with international experience in the development of this type of projects and companies that offer everything from manufacturing to technology developers.