Europe is an international leader in the direct use of geothermal heat. According to the European Geothermal Energy Council (EGEC) in the 27 EU Member States have set up plants with a capacity of 23,000 MW, which together produce about 65,000 gigawatt hours (GWh) of heat per year.
Installed capacity, Sweden, Norway and Germany top the list, but there are many more countries with high geothermal potential, Iceland, Italy, Switzerland, Turkey and Hungary, according to a survey by Trend Research experts. As a result of expected growth, the German research institute expects more competition, eg between drilling companies.
The growing use geothermal to provide heat to homes and municipal institutions also encourage the market for heat pumps. The German Renewable Energy Association estimates that by 2020 will have triploicado, compared to today, the annual sales of heat pumps reaching 200,000 units.
In generating electricity from geothermal energy, is the U.S. leader, with 209 stations. Last year, 526 plants worldwide generated more than 67,000 GWh of electricity based on geothermal energy. Much of this power generation is achieved where there volcanic activity, for example in the Philippines, Indonesia, New Zealand and Mexico.
According to Frost & Sullivan, in the future will have new technologies such as Hot-Dry method-Rock (hot dry rock) that will generate electricity with geothermal energy anywhere in the world. “The market for geothermal energy is the short and medium term to a major expansion,” said Tomasz Kaminski, an analyst at Frost & Sullivan.
Along with technical development, strategic plans and state subsidy programs in many countries encourage the growth of geothermal energy. Indonesia, for example, pursues the ambitious goal of becoming by 2025 the largest producer of geothermal electricity in the world with a total capacity of 9500 megawatt hours (MW), according to Germany Trade and Invest. The U.S. government plans to expand geothermal capacity by 2014 with 4000 MW, which is required for an investment of close to 12,000 million dollars.
Here are some of the data provided by Messe München, the organizer of Entsorga IFAT, Fair to be held from 7 to May 11, 2012 at the premises of Neue Messe Munich (Germany). The halls and the administration building the fairground will warm from the autumn with the geothermal plant of the supplier Stadtwerke München Messestadt located in the neighborhood east of campus Riem. Thus, the Munich Trade Fair will be the first exhibition company in the world use geothermal energy to generate heat.
In addition to not emit CO2, noise or odors, geothermal plants provide base load, so they are able, in principle, to replace coal-fired power plants and nuclear weapons. This, according to Deutsche Bank Research, makes use of heat from the Earth one of the main sources of hope for a better energy future and climate.