Brazil intends to build 30 hydroelectric plants in the next nine years, according to Energy Expansion Plan 2020 released by the Ministry of Mines and Energy. COIAB, an alliance representing thousands of indigenous organizations in the Brazilian Amazon, has said he “vehemently rejects and with deep indignation IBAMA’s decision” and said that the Government does not accept the dialogue with indigenous peoples and their interests is “authoritarianism never before seen in our young democracy … What we really want with your model of development is destroying indigenous communities.”
Warns that “the Amazonian indigenous movement is ready, our strength is the Xingu River.” The government’s determination to proceed despite him who despite going against the national and international legislation. Brazilian federal prosecutors filed a lawsuit against the dam and in May the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights requested the Brazilian authorities to consult with all indigenous communities will be affected by the dam before construction begins, according to the Brazilian and international legislation.
The Commission also urged Brazil to take “full measures” to protect the lives of uncontacted Indians in the area and to prevent disease spreading. Brazilian Anthropological Association has expressed dismay in a statement that ensures that the license contains 75 conditions, but “there is no mention of indigenous peoples and environmental projects aimed at these populations.”
The Movimento Xingu Vivo Para Sempre, a broad alliance of social and environmental movements in the Xingu River region, said in a statement: “We will not yield even an inch. With every mistake, with every lie, grow our indignation and our strength to fight. ”
If built, Belo Monte would be the third largest dam in the world, and destroy more than 1,500 square kilometers of land and reduce fishing and fresh water on which depends the survival of many indigenous peoples in the area.
The plan was unveiled after the IBAMA environmental agency on Wednesday gave the green light for the construction of the Belo Monte plant in the Rio Xingu, in the Amazonian state of Pará, rejected by indigenous associations and environmentalists.
Belo Monte will become operational in 2015 and is the world’s third in size behind China’s Three Gorges and Itaipu Brazilian Paraguayan.
The plan to build 30 hydropower plants already under way: six were allowed and should be operational from 2018 and the remaining 24 dependent authorization.
The text of the Ministry of Mines and Energy, which estimates the need for energy will grow 4.6% per year, will be subject to public consultation on 1 July. The estimated cost of the 30 hydropower is 120,000 million dollars.
The plan also includes wind power and biomass, as well as expansion of total demand for ethanol, the alcohol fuel that drives 90% of current Brazilian automotive fleet.