Toyota is far behind in the development of electric cars, which explains its agreement with Tesla.

Eleven models marketed Toyota hybrid electric cars in 2012 as part of its strategy to promote environmentally friendly vehicles.

Toyota says it is all-new models or new design, among which there will be a compact, high performance vehicle capable of traveling 40 kilometers per liter of gasoline.

In 2012 will start selling in Japan, Europe and the United States its Prius plug-in, plug-in hybrid model that can be loaded with a plug at home.

Toyota expects to sell over 50,000 units per year of this Prius, which goes to the Japanese market with a price of about 3 million yen ($ 36,000).

The “Plug-in” is a hybrid electric car that can run at all times with its electric motor or an internal combustion engine starts operating subsidiary so that the level of the lithium battery is low.

For 2012, Toyota plans to introduce an electric vehicle based on its iQ model and designed for short distances in Japan, USA and Europe, while the launch studies to extend to China.

In Japan, a pioneer in hybrid technology, there is increasing competition in electric vehicles, with models now available from manufacturers such as Mitsubishi Motors or Nissan Leaf plans to market in December.

Toyota has invested so far by the hybrid engine technology that combines gasoline and electric propulsion, to consider offering more autonomy than electric cars.

Electric vehicle with lithium batteries do not emit CO2 or damage the environment if the electricity comes from renewables such as wind, solar photovoltaic and solar thermal or thermal. Wind turbines can supply electricity to electric vehicles in the future will also serve to store and regulate the electricity intermittent wind energy sector.

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