The European Commission has published on October 29, 2010 a series of guidelines to clarify certain aspects with regard to wind energy development in protected natural areas. These guidelines apply to the Natura 2000 network, one of the cornerstones of biodiversity policy in the EU and a key instrument for achieving the EU target of halting and reversing the loss of biodiversity by 2020.
Wind power is undoubtedly an important role to play in achieving the objective of the European Union that involves renewable energy by 20% in total energy consumption in Europe by 2020. In this context, although its presence in areas belonging to the Natura 2000 network is not automatically excluded, the Commission has noted that its implementation be evaluated case by case basis.
The guidelines published by the European Commission aimed at avoiding conflict between the development of wind energy and conservation of biodiversity in protected areas, Natura 2000, highlights the importance of strategic planning and the need for adequate evaluation, quality of new projects. The guidelines include a number of examples of good practice and demonstrate how wind energy projects can prevent damage to sensitive natural areas.
Planning for the implementation of wind farms strategically in large geographical areas is one of the most effective means to minimize the impact of these parks in nature and the flora and fauna from the beginning of the planning process. Not only enables a more integrated development framework, but also reduce the risk of delays and difficulties arise in the later stages of the projects.
Electric vehicle with lithium batteries do not emit CO2 or damage the environment if the electricity comes from renewables such as wind, solar photovoltaic and solar thermal or thermal. Wind turbines can supply electricity to electric vehicles in the future will also serve to store and regulate the electricity intermittent wind energy sector.