The conference on offshore wind energy organized by the Energy Cluster, which has developed in Bilbao, Spain, has revealed their expectations for growth in the short and medium term, especially in the demand for wind turbine manufacturers and their components, as well as the positioning of Basque companies as preferred suppliers of products and services in this sector.
The Deputy Minister of Industry and Energy of the Basque Government, Xabier Garmendia, opened the day with a speech in which he has emphasized the differences of wind power on land and at sea, and the latter’s strong growth in the next decade.
As he explained, from the 2,400 MW cumulative capacity currently is expected to exceed 50,000 MW in 2020, with four fifths concentrated in Europe, the United Kingdom as the most important market.
In Spain, the absence of a continental shelf limited by the time the projects presented to 32 offshore wind farms with a combined capacity of 7,399 MW, but in any case Garmendia said “marine or offshore wind power depends on a value chain development on which our businesses have the opportunity to position. ”
Iberdrola has presented its estimate of the offshore wind market, his vision of technology, portfolio of wind projects and supply strategy, through three components: the director of the company’s offshore operations, Álvaro Martínez Palacio, Keith Anderson and Jonathan Cole, Business director and commercial director of the Scottish Power Renewables subsidiary respectively.
Iberdrola representatives have shown the proportions of the wind energy market, its potential and the wealth of opportunities offered to all companies that make up the value chain offshore. Only in the UK, the planned investment for the commissioning of 33 GW of wind power is about more than 100,000 million euros.
Five Basque companies well positioned to face the development of offshore wind energy explained their internationalization strategies.
Offshore director of Gamesa, José Luis Blanco, considered this activity as a new business segment and a rapidly growing market, which in the next decade could reach about 40 GW of installed capacity, with the UK as more customer promising.
White stressed the special requirements and dimensions of the offshore wind, wind farms multiplied by 10 the average power of the land (400 MW against 40 MW), wind turbines larger and more powerful (up to 10 MW), costs significantly higher investment, installation and maintenance work in a hostile environment and difficulties of access and seabed can be very different and require specific foundation.
Area director Ingeteam Wind Power, Jesus Mayor, has emphasized that its Marine Division has developed an expertise in the wind sector over the past seven years, with 1.25 GW installed in specialized ships that require electrical and electronic components under marine conditions, power up to 18.5 MW and 8.5 MW generators in converters, and voltage ranges up to 6.6 kV.
Separately, the Energy Division of Ingeteam has worked in offshore wind projects in varying degrees, with designs of 2.5 to 8.4 MW in both low and medium voltage.
Renewable Energy responsible Ormazabal Group, Roberto Fernandez, explained the main features of offshore wind projects in the UK market where the firm has provided their means of distribution for wind turbine manufacturers Vestas and Siemens.
Electric vehicle with lithium batteries do not emit CO2, provided that electricity comes from renewables such as wind, solar photovoltaic and solar thermal or thermal. Wind turbines can supply electricity to electric vehicles, which in future will also serve to store and regulate the electricity intermittent wind energy sector.