Engineers and scientists at Norwegian Centre for Environmental Design of Renewable Energy, HydroPEAK deep into the project, currently studying whether Norway could supply energin practicey across the European continent, thanks to hydroelectric power production. This would be a snap when the wind and solar power is not sufficient to meet demand, considering a future in which renewable sources dominate the continental energy grid.
On days with little wind or sunlight, Europe may have to rely on reservoirs and dams in Norway to keep its network running smoothly electricity in the future. Although the continent is already established this concept has not yet been proven whether Norway can achieve it in practice.
Therefore, the Centre for Environmental Design of Renewable Energy, a Norwegian center dedicated to the study of clean energy, called Centres for Environment-friendly Energy Research (CEER), currently working on the project HydroPEAK, designed to study and analyze whether Norway could actually provide clean energy that requires Europe. So provides a press release from the Research Council of Norway and an article from Science Daily.
In instances in which renewables generate most electricity production would be based on intermittent sources like the sun and wind. Consequently, the power supplied to the network could vary greatly from day to day or even within hours.
However, residential consumers, commercial and industrial require a constant supply of electricity, whether during periods of peak demand during the morning and evening or during periods of low demand at night. This takes energy supplements that can cover declines generated during the intermissions in the solar or wind energy production.
Power plants based on fossil fuels are gradually being replaced by wind farms and solar photovoltaic. Meanwhile, the main source of energy in Norway is hydropower production, which can be easily managed in terms of volume delivered by providing more or less water to the turbines.
Knowing that Norway has the hydropower resources of the continent’s most important European energy companies and power grid operators have been interested in the potential of reservoirs and dams in Norway. The question is whether Norway could effectively help Europe to balance their energy needs.
According to a recent study by the German Advisory Council on the Environment reports, Germany would require a capacity of 60,000 MW to produce all its electricity from renewable sources by 2050. The study identified Norway as the only country that could supply that volume.
This amount, however, is several times greater than the potential of Norway, as estimated by the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE). According to NVE, Norway potential for the production of so-called “energy balance” would be around 20,000 MW in 2030.
Currently, the total installed capacity of Norway reaches the 29,000 MW. Consequently, it would require several changes in the Norwegian hydropower system to meet European demands. In these variants to be developed is precisely where the project focus HydroPEAK ago.
HydroPEAK covers eight areas of research, among which mention may be required scenarios to balance the energy system in Europe, the consequential hydrological effects, the models needed to bring the electrical system or the use of hydroelectric pumped storage.
It also works on the study of frequency variations in the electrical network and the physical impact on rivers. However, all sub-projects from the program HydroPEAK arise from its main purpose: the balance of the European energy system based on hydropower production in Norway. In short, their work will determine the final answer to the mystery first raised in the article.
Electric vehicle with lithium batteries do not emit CO2 or damage the environment if the electricity comes from renewables such as wind, solar photovoltaic and solar thermal or thermal. Wind turbines can supply electricity to electric vehicles in the future will also serve to store and regulate the electricity intermittent wind energy sector.